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Riihinen Arto

Riihinen Arto

Lehtori, Senior Lecturer
Biotalousinstituutti, Institute of Bioeconomy
Teknologia, School of Technology
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Students in the Bachelor of Natural Resources degree programme gain extensive insight on the development of business activities in rural areas. As its key core competence areas, the degree programme includes study modules concerning e.g. animal husbandry, crop farming and forestry. The studies of the degree are future-oriented, and the students focus on internationalisation.

Degree-related qualifications

There are no specific degree-related or statutory qualification requirements in the field.

Targeted competence

Bachelors of Natural Resources are experts in bioeconomy. They can use renewable natural resources to produce products, for example food and energy as well as services. They can develop entrepreneurship based on circular economy in accordance with the principles of sustainable development.

In addition to this general goal of the degree, Bachelors of Natural Resources have the field-specific competences and common graduate competences of all bachelor's degree in different fields after graduation:


Agricultural and forestry production
Agricultural and forestry production is a key core competence area of the degree. After acquiring this field-specific competence, Bachelors of Natural Resources are able to profitable and sustainable crop farming and know how to develop animal husbandry ane care for farmed animals in a manner that takes their health and well-being into account. The graduate will know how to operate agricultural machinery and equipment in an effective and safe manner. This competence area also includes studies in ecological and financial use of forests. The graduate will know possibilities of new technology in the area of agricultural and forestry.

Countryside as an operating environment
A graduate of the Bachelor of Natural Resources knows the networks of active participation in the rural areas and is able to take part in them. The graduates are familiar with the operation of the national economy and international economics and are aware of the impacts of international and national regional and agricultural politics on the operational possibilities and development of the regions, rural areas and agriculture.

Business competence and entrepreneurship
Bachelors of Natural Resources understand the basic principles of entrepreneurship and business operation. They know how to manage and develop a business in a manner that is sustainable and systematic with regard to the business-owner, environment and society. They know how to find and use the most recent research data and product development innovations in the launching and developing a business, as well as in production. They are able to take into account changes in the national economy and international economics and market trends in their business operations.

Environmental competence
Bachelors of Natural Resources are aware of the environmental effects of their actions and understand the interaction between an agricultural business and environment and they are able to develop their business in an environmentally responsible manner.  They understand resource-efficient operation.

Expertise in bioeconomy
Bachelors of Natural Resources are experts in bioeconomy. They have the competence in bioeconomy research, development, innovations and application in their own area of expertise. They master creative problem-solving in their own field of expertise independently and in different roles in the work teams. They are capable of professional communications in their own field in Finnish and English, both orally and in writing. They are able to utilise the digital environment in their action.

In addition to the field-specific competences mentioned above, all students at universities of applied sciences develop common competences during the learning processes. These include: Learning skills, information management competence, entrepreneurship skills, working life skills as well as internationalisation and communication skills.

As an example of these competences graduates with a Bachelor’s degree are capable of undertaking entrepreneurial activities by seeking customer-oriented, sustainable and financially profitable solutions by also taking responsibility for their own actions and their consequences. The Bachelor's degree programme in Agricultural and Rural Industries include the competence “Business Activity and Entrepreneurship” that supports this. It is focused in particular on rural entrepreneurship, its management and carrying out profitable activities.

Internationalisation in a Bachelor's degree programme includes the ability to act in a multi-cultural operating environment as well as the ability to act independently in Swedish and in one foreign language (English). Some of the studies in the Bachelor's degree programme in Agricultural and Rural Industries are also carried out in English. The studies explore the international opportunities available in the field, study trips are made abroad, and a foreign location can be selected as a practical training place.

Degree profile

The degree programme of Bachelor of Natural Resources, carried out by the Institute of Bioeconomy of the Jyväskylä University of Applied Sciences, is a degree programme that offers its students an opportunity to specialise in bioeconomy and rural entrepreneurship and to specialise in accordance with the profiles available at JAMK: entrepreneurship, bioeconomy and internationality. The rural entrepreneurship studies place special emphasis on managing a company and looking for solutions that are environmentally and socially profitable and sustainable. In the studies on the development and business of bioeconomy, the students focus on finding and developing innovations and business opportunities in the field of bioeconomy. A student can study courses in English as well as study or complete practical training abroad. Most of the practical training is carried out in companies in the field.


Prior learning recognition procedures are described in the Degree Regulations and in the Study Guide.

Degree programme application and admission

Structure and completion of studies

Together, the research and development environment in Institute of Bioeconomy at JAMK and the training farm at the Bioeconomy Campus form a practical learning environment in which you can complete your studies in the Natural Resources degree programme. The studies start with common basic studies as well as basic information on the key basics of the core studies. For entrepreneurship and internationalisation, the studies also progress from basics towards a deeper mastery of the issues. Towards the end of the studies, the core studies include fairly extensive courses focusing on the planning of production and resources. The practical training periods, 15 cr + 15 cr, occur during the first and third summers of the studies. During the third and fourth study year, the studies are focused according to the students' own interests by studying rural entrepreneurship or development and business activities of bioeconomy.

Students may complete a part of their studies in the joint study path of entrepreneurship at JAMK, or by participating in the labs of the Future Factory operation model. The focus of these studies is on deepening innovation and development competence.

Further information is available in the Study Guide:

Assessment and learning guidance


To be awarded a Bachelor’s degree certificate, the student must complete the studies of the degree programme within his/her study period in accordance with his/her Personal Learning Plan. Further information in the Degree Regulations.

Professional profiles of graduates with examples

It is common for those who have completed the degree of Bachelor of Natural Resources to become an entrepreneur in the field of bioeconomy, and especially an agricultural and rural entrepreneur. The bachelor's degree programme in Agricultural and Rural Industries enables finding work in various advisory and expert positions in bioeconomy (e.g. animal husbandry, crop farming, bioeconomy). Various official positions offer Bachelors of Natural Resources opportunities to work e.g. as municipal agricultural secretaries, environmental secretaries, and inspectors with Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment. Bachelors of Natural Resources can find work in teaching positions, agricultural trade, financing and insurance positions, as well as project manager or project specialist in research and development projects.

Further studies

University of Applied Sciences offers various opportunities for studying and learning throughout one's career. These include Master's Degree studies, specialisation studies, diplomas of higher education, the extensive range of courses offered through open studies and continuing education.

You can continue your studies to complete a university master’s degree by applying for the programme at the University of Helsinki, or a similar programme elsewhere. After graduating with a bachelor’s degree from a university of applied sciences, it is also possible to continue post-graduate studies in a master’s degree programme abroad.

A student who completes a Master's degree may receive an opportunity for further studies in science or arts at universities (Section 37/558/2009). All further studies must be applied for separately.


The process of curriculum planning began with a student questionnaire, which studied the importance of the current competences of the degree in the construction of the degree.  It gave an overview of how different issues should be emphasised. The preparation has involved all of the teachers and the advisory board of the field, which gave its support to the work that has been done in its meeting on 3 October 2014. The emphasis on internationalisation in the studies was praised in particular. In addition, the advisory board requested that the limitations of land use, such as land use planning issues, would be included in the curriculum concerning all students. The members of the advisory board include, among others, representatives of business activity in the field, trade, financing and central adviser organisations.

The continuous development of the programme has also been supported by the periodic assessment of the programme (2015). Based on the assessment, areas for suggested development included an increasing degree of internationalisation and technology application competence in the degree programme.