Practical Training

What is practical training?

Practical training is part of all the Bachelor’s degrees completed at the universities of applied sciences. Practical training means studying which takes place in a company or business, offering the student the opportunity to adapt what she or he has learned in practice and develop professionally. Since practical training is part of the student’s studies, it must be well-planned and supervised.

The scope of the practical training varies from 30 to120 credits, depending of the field of study. This equals 20–80 weeks, i.e. 5-20 months of full-time work. The practical training can also be completed in parts and for separate employers in Finland or abroad.

When can I do my practical training?

Students begin practical training throughout the year, meaning that the practical training schedule depends on the curriculum of your degree programme. Please see detailed information on unit-specific practices on the Elmo Student (user ID required).

What must I do?

The student must

  • reflect on what type of practical training helps her or him to develop professionally and is suitable for the student’s own career plans,
  • find a place where she or he completes the practical training (see instructions below), and
  • be aware of how the practical training process works and adhere to it.

In what type of tasks?

The purpose of the practical training is to familiarise students, under supervision, with the essential tasks related to a degree. At the same time, the students learn to analyse the development challenges of working life. The tasks should be based on each student’s individual learning objectives and the needs of the employer. The practical training tutors of the units provide further information on suitable placements.

How do I find a place to complete my practical training?

There are various ways to find a placement. The students are usually responsible for finding a placement independently and should actively contact employers.

Some placements are also announced through the practical training coordinators of JAMK. See the practical training page on the Elmo student intra (user ID required).

Remember the social media channels too. For example, after creating a profile in LinkedIn, you can notify that you are looking for a practical training place. LinkedIn is an international, globally-renowned social media channel used by employers to look for competent people.

Why go abroad to study or do a practical training, i.e. on exchange?

When studying or doing practical training abroad students acquire first-hand experience of the joys and challenges of living and working in a foreign country and culture. During the study abroad period students have the possibility to increase their professional know-how, improve their personal knowledge and skills and get to know different languages and cultures as well as make new friends and create worldwide networks that can improve chances of employment after graduation.

Who supervises practical training?

Practical training is always guided and supervised. Every trainee is appointed a supervisor for the practical training period – both by the school and by the employer. It is defined in a practical training agreement. Practical training guidance also refers to advance guidance on applying for a placement, and on defining the learning objectives and tasks performed during the practical training. During the practical training period, the employer provides guidance and orientation with regard to the characteristics and tasks of the field. Orientation into the work environment and work culture of the organisation is also an essential part of the practical training. Please, familiarise the description of the practical training guidance (pdf).

How do I complete the practical training agreement?

The employer, trainee and JAMK conclude a practical training agreement. The student fills in the information in the Asio and prints the agreement, which is signed.

Do I get paid for doing the practical training?

Practical training can be either paid or unpaid. The amount of a potential salary is agreed on between the student and the employer. Trainees who are paid for their work are in an employment relationship and make a work contract as well as a practical training agreement. Students can apply for student financial aid through KELA (if eligible) for the period of practical training whether doing the practical training in Finland or abroad. The salary affects the amount of the aid received from KELA. For information about KELA support please see www.kela.fi. Students may, regardless of nationality, also apply for grant money for practical training completed abroad. Please see detailed information on practical training practices in the Internationalization through studies of the Elmo Student (a JAMK login required). You can also talk to your practical training coordinators or contact international services

From whom do I seek compensation if I am injured while in practical training?

If the trainee is paid for the work, he/she is also covered by the statutory accident insurance of the company/organisation. Otherwise the trainee is covered by the accident insurance of JAMK.

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How do I end my practical training?

A feedback discussion is arranged between the student and the employer in the organisation at the end of the practical training, based on the principles of developmental discussion. In addition, the student writes a practical training report.

Note! The employer must write a reference for the practical training.

Experiences of practical training

”I learned incredibly much about working life through the practical training. In addition to developing practical competences, I realised how the entire production process of a company like this operates, and how many things must be taken into account. I find this was the most important thing about this practical training”

"It was interesting to participate in all the meetings regarding my own tasks. They gave me a clearer idea of what is done and why."

"Finally, I must conclude that the practical training did not meet my expectations – it surpassed them!"

(Quotations form students’ practical training reports.)

Contact information

For further information please contact the coordinator of your degree programme or the Head of Department.

The Practical Training Coordinators of the units are:

School of Health and Social Studies

Tiina Blek, +358 40 753 2091, practical training in Finland
Armi Hirvonen, +358 40 849 4035, practical training abroad

School of Business and Services Management

Erica Svärd, +358 50 439 0821, Business Administration
Piia Hynynen, +358405591802 , International Business
Ilari Miikkulainen, +358 40 842 9682, Music and Media Management
Niko Kiviaho, +358 50 386 5681, Business Infomation Systems
Pauliina Silvennoinen, +358 40 748 8609, Tourism and Services

School of Technology

Information Technology
Heidi Mikkola, +358 400 571 987, practical training in Finland
Tarja Lappalainen-Kajan, +358 40 861 8204, practical training abroad

Mechanical and Production Engineering
Sirpa Hukari, +358 40 716 7526, practical training in Finland
Anneli Kakko, +358 400 719 531, practical training abroad

Tommi Franssila, +358 40 594 6847, Logistics
Ulla Heinonen, +358 40 824 7648, Agriculture and Rural Industries
Jussi Korpinen, +358 40 825 0658, Civil Engineering